ReJuvenating EnJuvenate

by Shop Talk  on Wednesday, August 24, 2011 at 7:57pm

Enjuvenate is a proprietary product designed as a Regenerative Formula. It contains  Essential and Non Essential Amino Acids as well as blends to enhance cognitive function, increase muscle repair and helps to maintain a healthy lean tissue mass, as well as having an anti-aging effect on the entire body. I, Darlene have recommended this product countless times as well as consume it myself and I have seen stunning results.  This product contains the essentials to cause the body to produce its own HGH, there are no hormones contained here.

As read this lengthy document on the ingredients and their benefits, you will begin to realize that there are many hidden benefits within this product. It was amazing to me the benefits a product like Enjuvenate can bring to your body. There are more than 28,000 studies done on HGH and its benefits. Some of the highlights are:

  • Creates more lean tissue (would really benefit with Slim)
  • Reduces body fat over a 6-12 month period anywhere from 14% to 71% (really gives the Slim a kick)
  • More youthful skin and wrinkle reduction
  • Restores hair growth and color
  • More energy
  • Improves sleep
  • Protects, restores and regenerates the size and health of internal organs by 10-15 years
  • Supports improvement of glycemic indexes
  • Improves Cardiovascular Health and Cholesterol profile
  • Can prevent and slow the onset of Alzheimer’s Disease and Parkinson’s
  • Improves health of MS suffers and ALS suffers
  • Improves health of Fibromyalgia suffers and Chronic Fatigue
  • Restores skin integrity and thickness especially after use of steroids
  • Speeds healing process throughout the body
  • Improves your immune system and function has the ingredients that stimulates Glutathione production the naturally produced Master Anti-oxidant, Immune System enhancer and agent to aid in detoxification
  • Improves libido and sexual function
  • Improves memory
  • Improves flexibility
  • Improves eyesight. Let’s look at this product ingredient by ingredient.

L-Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in muscle tissue and is literally stripped from the muscles during times of stress (which includes intense exercise and/or weight training). Because this depletion can cause muscle wasting and lower immune function, glutamine is considered “conditionally essential.” Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in muscle tissue: 60% of the free-floating amino acids in each muscle cell is made up of glutamine. But, when the rest of the body can’t get its requirements for glutamine met, it robs from the muscle cells’ storage compartments, and muscles are actually broken down. Glutamine is literally stripped from the muscles during times of stress, including intense exercise. Because this depletion can cause muscle wasting, as well as lower immune function, glutamine is thought to be “conditionally essential.”

Glutamine is naturally produced in our muscles. And many protein foods, such as fish, meat, and dairy products contain glutamine. It’s also found in parsley and spinach.

Most quality whey-protein supplements are fortified with glutamine. And many quality meal-replacement products contain around two grams of glutamine per serving.

Muscle Gain & Recovery:

  • Reduce muscle breakdown and encourage muscle growth
  • Stimulate cell volumizing, which encourages muscles growth
  • Shuttle amino acids into muscle cells to improve exercise recovery

Ways that Glutamine can enhance Longevity:

  • Enhance the functioning of the immune system

Research indicates that Glutamine may be useful in the treatment of:

  • Catabolism (muscle wasting)
  • Infections
  • Ulcers
  • Alcohol withdrawal
  •  Fatigue/Weakness
  • Depression
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Burns
  • SIDS
  • Scurvy

Whole body functioning

Glutamine is involved in more metabolic processes than any other amino acid. It’s converted to blood sugar and serves as an energy source. It fuels the cells lining the intestines, and without it, these cells waste away. It’s also used by white blood cells and is important for immune function because it is a component of glutathione. Glutamine is needed in mega-quantities to maintain proper function of the immune system, kidneys, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, and the whole gut.

Brain food

Glutamine also elevates levels of glutamic acid in the body. This is significant because glutamic acid is our primary “brain food.” As such, glutamine has been shown in some cases to help improve intelligence. In addition, it’s also a neurotransmitter or messenger in our brains and may improve mental alertness, clarity of thinking, and mood.

What about glutamine peptides?

As you might expect from their similar names, L-glutamine and glutamine peptides have similar benefits, ranging from increasing protein synthesis to supporting the immune system. Yet they have fairly different properties once ingested. Glutamine peptides are actually wheat protein that has been hydrolysed (which is just a fancy word for pre-digested or broken down). This wheat protein has a high content of glutamine, normally around 30%, in comparison to other protein sources, such as casein and whey, which are normally in the 3 to 10% glutamine range. It’s called a peptide because the glutamine is not “free”; instead it’s bound to other amino acids with peptide bonds. For this reason, glutamine peptides are generally thought of as a more stable, superior form of glutamine.

Here are the main differences between L-glutamine and glutamine peptides…

While glutamine peptides are normally derived from wheat and are bonded with other amino acids (as explained above), L-glutamine is “free form,” meaning it’s “free” from being bonded to other amino acids. So, is one form superior to the other? It’s generally theorized that the peptide form will increase glutamine availability, due to our digestive tract having peptide transport systems that increase absorbability and utilization of the glutamine peptides. By the same theory then, this would also make more glutamine available for muscle tissues, instead of being used primarily by other parts of the body, such as the intestines, brain, or the immune system, which also demand great amounts of this important amino acid.

Ornithine alpha-keto glutarate (OKG) is manufactured from two amino acids, ornithine and glutamine. These amino acids are called “conditionally essential.” This means that ordinarily one does not need to consume them in food because the body can manufacture them from other nutrients. However, during periods of severe stress, such as recovery from major trauma or severe illness, the body may not be able to manufacture them in sufficient quantities, and may require an external source.

Ornithine and glutamine are thought to have anabolic effects, meaning that they stimulate the body to build muscle and other tissues. These amino acids also appear to have anti-catabolic effects. This is a closely related but slightly different property; ornithine and glutamine appear to block the effect of hormones that break down muscle and other tissues (catabolic hormones).

Evidence suggests that use of OKG (and related amino acids) may offer benefits for hospitalized patients recovering from serious illness or injury. OKG may play a role in the treatment of individuals recovering from severe physical trauma.

When the body experiences severe trauma—such as injury, major surgery, or burns—it goes into what is called a catabolic state. In this temporary condition, the body tends to tear itself down rather than build itself up. The catabolic hormone cortisone plays a major role in inducing catabolism. In the catabolic state, the body fails to utilize protein found in the diet, and high levels of protein breakdown products appear in the urine. Calcium levels in urine also rise, as bones begin to weaken.

The opposite of a catabolic state is an anabolic state, in which the body tends to build itself up. Studies of hospitalized patients recovering from severe illnesses or injuries suggest that OKG blocks the catabolic effects of cortisone and also directly stimulates anabolic activity. It is not clear how OKG accomplishes this. It may directly affect the enzymes involved in hormone metabolism. Another possibility is that OKG may increase levels of growth hormone (an anabolic hormone), at least when it is taken in high enough doses (12 mg a day or more). One study evaluated a combined arginine and ornithine supplement and found some evidence of benefit.

OKG and a related substance ornithine-l-aspartate have shown some promise for hepatic encephalopathy, a life-threatening complication of liver cirrhosis.

Alpha Lipoic Acid (also known as lipoic acid, thioctic acid, or ALA) is one of the good fatty acids produced in every one of our cells. One of its main functions is to help convert glucose (blood sugar) into energy. About forty years ago, biologists discovered that ALA is also an antioxidant–a powerful substance that combats potentially harmful chemicals called free radicals which may cause heart and liver disease, cancer, cell aging, and many other conditions.

There are other very effective antioxidants, including vitamins C and E. But what’s special about ALA is that it is both water and fat soluble. Scientists believe that ALA operates in conjunction with vitamins C and E, and the antioxidant glutathione, recycling them when they’re used up. Many studies have been conducted confirming the health benefits of alpha-lipoic acid, including recent findings that ALA offers neuroprotective and possibly cognitive enhancing effects.

Besides taking ALA for its general benefits as an antioxidant, studies have shown that alpha lipoic acid can help with the following conditions:

 Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

 Coronary Heart Disease

 Metabolic Syndrome (high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol

 Peripheral Neuropathy (caused by diabetes and other conditions, such as Lyme

disease, alcoholism, shingles, thyroid disease and kidney failure)

 Diabetes (improving glucose metabolism and helping diabetics utilize insulin better)

 Liver Disease

 Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer (increasing long-term survival)

 Impaired Brain Function (as a treatment for stroke and other brain disorders

involving free radical damage, including Alzheimer’s disease)

 Effects of Aging (improving blood flow and enhancing immune function, restoring

levels of glutathione, a protective antioxidant and detoxification compound)

 Degenerative Diseases (ALA is a strong anti-inflammatory agent)

 Glaucoma and Cataracts . . .

Besides taking lipoic acid for its general benefits as an antioxidant, you may be interested in using lipoic acid if you have any of the following conditions:

Hypertension (Elevated Blood Pressure); Coronary Heart Disease or Metabolic Syndrome (high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol): If you have hypertension or a build-up of plaque in your arteries from elevated cholesterol, you may benefit from alpha lipoic acid. The Boston University School of Medicine found that a combination of lipoic acid with another nutrient – acetyl-L-carnitine -helps lower blood pressure by increasing the width of arteries that had been constricted due to the build-up of plaque. Lipoic acid also improves the function of the mitochondria-a crucial part of the cell–involved in proper coronary vascular function.

Peripheral Neuropathy: If you suffer from burning, pain, numbness or itching in your legs and feet caused by peripheral neuropathy, alpha lipoic acid may ease your symptoms. This condition can be caused by diabetes and other conditions, such as Lyme disease, alcoholism, shingles, thyroid disease and kidney failure. Certain injuries can also cause the above symptoms, as well as nutritional deficiencies and chemotherapy.

In 2003, researchers at the Mayo Clinic discovered that patients with diabetic neuropathy who received high doses of intravenous alpha lipoic acid had a threefold improvement in pain, numbness and other symptoms, compared with those treated with a placebo. Lipoic acid also seemed to increase blood flow and oxygen to the nerves, actually improving their condition. Used in Europe for over 30 years in treating diabetes, lipoic acid may also help cells better metabolize glucose. Many more studies are now being conducted in the U.S. and around the world to determine the role of ALA in helping diabetics utilize insulin.

Liver Disease: Alpha lipoic acid was first used in the 1970s as a treatment for various forms of hepatitis by Burton M. Berkson, MD, MS, PhD, from the National Institutes of Health. The researchers administered alpha lipoic intravenously to 79 people with acute and severe liver damage at medical centers across the United States, and 75 recovered full liver function. In 2006, Dr. Berkson also reported using lipoic acid to increase the long-term survival of a patient suffering from metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Before 1977, if you suffered from severe liver disease – often caused by ingesting a toxin (mushroom poisoning, for example) – your only hope for recovery was a liver transplant. But in 1977, Dr. Berkson administered alpha lipoic acid intravenously to a patient dying from liver disease. The patient surprised doctors and not only recovered, but was free of liver disease 30 years later.

Brain Function: Able to pass easily through the brain, alpha lipoic acid helps protect the brain and nerve tissue. It is currently being investigated as a treatment for stroke and other brain disorders involving free radical damage, including Alzheimer’s disease. Preliminary research shows that animals treated with lipoic acid suffered less brain damage and had four-times greater survival rate after a stroke than animals who didn’t receive this supplement. More research is needed to understand whether this benefit applies to people as well.

Anti-Aging Compound: In May, 2007, Science Daily reported that alpha lipoic acid seemed to slow down the process of aging in animals by improving blood flow and enhancing immune function, as well as positively affecting several other factors involved in aging. Research findings were presented at Oregon State University (OSU) in a conference on Diet and Optimum Health. “The evidence suggests that lipoic acid is actually a low-level stressor that turns on the basic cellular defenses of the body, including some of those that naturally decline with age,” said Tory Hagen, an LPI researcher and associate professor of biochemistry and biophysics at OSU. “In particular, it tends to restore levels of glutathione, a protective antioxidant and detoxification compound, to those of a young animal. It also acts as a strong anti-inflammatory agent, which is relevant to many degenerative diseases.”

Arabinogalactan is a polysaccharide (a class of carbohydrates) that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have approved as an excellent source of dietary fiber. Arabinogalactan is a ‘prebiotic’ found in some fruits, vegetables and grains which can boost the immune system.

The immune system helps the body defend itself against infection or disease. As we age, the effectiveness of the immune system declines.

“Friendly” bacteria in the digestive system are important for maintaining a healthy immune system.

AG has demonstrated the ability to activate immune cells involved with the body’s first line of defense and to promote cytokine production, the communication and signaling compounds of immune cells. Antioxidants, such as vitamin C, may enhance arabinogalactan activity.*

Research conducted at the University of Minnesota revealed that AG stimulated immune cells with a higher capacity than echinacea. In several university studies at major U.S. institutions, AG promoted immune cell function in humans. A recent, randomized 4-week trial in healthy adults showed that AG also potentiates the complement system, another mechanism of defense in the body.*

Support For Healthy Microflora Levels: Animal and human studies also indicate that AG supports a healthy environment for the colon. In the colon, AG enhances the growth of the friendly microflora lactobacillus and bifidobacteria.*

Gamma-Amino Butyric acid (GABA) is an amino acid which acts as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. It inhibits nerve transmission in the brain, calming nervous activity. As a supplement it is sold and promoted for these neurotransmitter effects as a natural tranquilizer. It is also touted as increasing Human Growth Hormone levels


The nervous system is made up of individual nerve cells called neurons. They serve as the body’s wiring. Nerve signals are transmitted through the length of a neuron as an electrical impulse. When a nerve impulse reaches the end of the neuron it can jump over to the next cell using chemical messengers called neurotransmitters.

In the central nervous system, which consists of the brain and the spinal cord, neurotransmitters pass from neuron to neuron. In the peripheral nervous system, which is made up of the nerves that run from the central nervous system to the rest of the body, the chemical signals pass between a neuron and an adjacent muscle or gland cell.

Glutamate and GABA are the most abundant neurotransmitters in the central nervous system, and especially in the cerebral cortex, which is where thinking occurs and sensations are interpreted.

Tiny sacs filled with neurotransmitters are stored at the end of each neuron. When a nerve impulse reaches the cell’s end it triggers these sacs to dump the neurotransmitters into the gaps that separate one nerve cell from another. These spaces are called synapses. The neurotransmitters float across the synapse. When they reach the neighboring neuron, the neurotransmitters click into specialized receptor sites much as a key fits into a lock. When enough neurotransmitters attach to the receptors, the neuron “fires,” sending an electrical impulse down its length.


GABA is made in brain cells from glutamate, and functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter – meaning that it blocks nerve impulses. Glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter and when bound to adjacent cells encourages them to “fire” and send a nerve impulse. GABA does the opposite and tells the adjoining cells not to “fire”, not to send an impulse.

Without GABA, nerve cells fire too often and too easily. Anxiety disorders such as panic attacks, seizure disorders, and numerous other conditions including addiction, headaches, Parkinson’s syndrome, and cognitive impairment are all related to low GABA activity. GABA hinders the transmission of nerve impulses from one neuron to another. It has a calming or quieting influence. A good example to help understand this effect is caffeine. Caffeine inhibits GABA release. The less GABA, the more nerve transmissions occur. Think what too much coffee feels like: that is the sensation of glutamate without enough GABA.

The reason caffeine does this is that other molecules can bind to the neuron near the GABA binding site and influence GABA’s effect. This is how tranquilizing drugs such as Benzodiazepines and barbiturates work. They increase or imitate GABA’s effect, inhibiting nerve transmission.

Research on GABA

In the half century since GABA was identified as a neurotransmitter there has been an enormous amount of research published directed toward its role in both animals and humans. Most of this has focused on the mechanics of GABA action and the drugs and chemicals which affect its action along with GABA’s role in various disease states. A search on the term GABA on PubMed today ( October 7, 2004 ) brings up a list of 43,859 published papers. Only a handful of these papers focus on using GABA orally as a nutritional supplement.

Blood sugar and Diabetes:

Braverman and Pfeifer suggest that 2-4 grams of GABA may stimulate insulin production and lower blood sugar levels. [13] This idea is supported by the newer Human Growth Hormone studies which also see an increase in insulin levels with oral GABA.


There is evidence that getting extra GABA into the brain increases Human Growth Hormone. Injections of GABA directly into the brain increase Growth Hormone in rats. Baclofin, a drug analog of GABA that does reach the brain, increases HGH so it makes sense that GABA would do the same.

Several studies support the notion that taking oral GABA increases Human Growth Hormone (HGH). Two of the studies were published almost 25 years ago. They used a small number of test subjects. Yet they produced significant increases, HGH levels increased 500%. In May of 2003, a new study confirmed the results of the early studies. The new study measured GABA and HGH in body builders. Three grams doses of GABA increased HGH levels, but only if taken just before exercise. Without exercise, the GABA had no effect on HGH. We should clarify the term exercise, test subjects were body builders; we are talking about a strenuous workout. If GABA can raise HGH levels, some of it may cross the blood brain barrier, perhaps only after exhausting exercises.

The HGH studies raise some concerns. Oral GABA also affects the pancreas increasing insulin production. Besides increasing insulin and HGH, oral GABA increases prolactin, a finding not emphasized in the promotional literature. There are other amino acids besides GABA that increase HGH. Whether they are more effective is unknown.

Orally and intramuscularly, alpha-GPC is used for Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, ischemic dementia, multi-infarct dementia, stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), improving memory and cognitive function, and learning.

 Side Effects:

Although the newer studies with body builders report using high doses of GABA with little side effect, these results may not reflect the experience of a more sedentary person.

“GABA also caused a constant flush sensation, like that of niacin, although my skin was not red. I had a tingling in my hands and over my entire body. This effect occurred is likely neuralgic, unlike the effect of niacin which is primarily vascular……”

Alpha-glyceryl-phosphorylcholine has been shown to enhance the release of human growth hormone, the master anti-aging hormone. Research with athletes has shown that it improves coordination, balance, and endurance.

How it works:

  • Precursor for the neurotransmitter acetylocholine: Alph-GPC activates cholinergic transmission which increases the brain functions and permits the development of more strength from work-outs and training programs.
  • Stimulation of the enzymatic synthesis of phosphatidylcholine in cells and cell membranes, directly to improved mental focus and cognitive function.
  • Increase the amount of neuronal connections in the brain leading to enhanced learning ability and memory recall.
  • Increases human Growth Hormone secretion by the anterior pituitary gland in conjunction with Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone.

Positive effects:

  • Improved brain development during pregnancy.
  • Increase mental alertness, and sharpness.
  • Better memory and concentration.
  • Improve memory and learning ability 1
  • Counteract brain aging by increasing cholinergic receptor sites 2
  • Increase nerve growth factor receptors in the brain 3
  • Slow down undesirable structural changes in the brain 4
  • Increase growth hormone secretion in both the young and the old 5
  • Increase the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine 6
  • Improve memory and cognitive performance in patients with Alzheimer’s dementia 1

Maca Extract

The plant has long been a traditional herbal remedy and food staple in the Andes Mountains of Peru. Warriors of old are said to have eaten large amounts of it before going into battle. As new studies come out, science is backing up the herbalists’ claims that the plant has anti-cancer, hormonal balancing, and virility-bringing powers.

Dr. Gloria Chacon De Popovici of the University of San Marcos, in Lima, Peru researched maca’s positive effects on hormonal balance. She stated that Maca has a high nutritional value, providing macro and micro nutrients, including traces of 31 different minerals to support the cellular structures and functioning in the body. Maca can optimize function as it optimizes and balances on the cellular level. Of particular interest to Chacon were the four alkaloids that are responsible for maca’s reputed positive effect on issues caused by hormonal imbalances including hot flashes, memory problems, fatigue, and male impotence.


Maca is a stimulating food, similar to caffeine, which gives added energy without over stimulating the body. The energizing nature of maca is due to it adaptogenic quality. Adaptogens are nontoxic substances that produce a nonspecific response in the body–an increase in the power of resistance against multiple stressors including physical, chemical, or biological agents, and have a normalizing influence on physiology, irrespective of the direction of change from physiological norms caused by the stressor, according to Wolfe in “Superfoods.”

Scientists have studied the chemical makeup of maca and have shown that it’s full of antioxidants.

Oxidation of the cells is what causes our cells to age; sometimes oxidation can cause regular cells to go into massive replication, creating cancerous tumors. Free radicals are the cause of this oxidation, and antioxidants act as free radical scavengers. They absorb the free radicals and keep them from hurting cells. Maca’s array of antioxidants is the scientific basis for its anti-cancer and life-extending properties.

Maca also balances out hormones in both men and women. The root has been used traditionally to ease menopausal symptoms, and researchers have found a scientific basis for these claims.

In animal studies, maca kept female animals from developing post-menopausal osteoporosis, which is caused by estrogen deficiencies. Beyond these bone-helping properties, balancing estrogen levels can ease the mood swings associated with menopause and lead to feeling more emotionally and mentally balanced.  For men, as mentioned before, maca acts as a virility booster.

Scientists and doctors are now finding maca to be one of the best natural ways to regulate and support endocrine health. This action regulates metabolism, energy levels, growth, sexual development and the sense of well being and attitude. Maca does not contain hormones itself. Instead it provides a unique set of nutrients that directly fuel the endocrine system and help the glands to produce vital hormones in precise dosages predetermined by one’s own body.

Pituitary Gland: Maca’s alkaloids act on the hypothalamus-pituitary axis causing gender appropriate responses in respective gonadal functions.

Hypothalamus: Peru’s Dr. Chacon surmised that maca works through the hypothalamus pituitary axis… the needed link between the pituitary gland and the brain. The pituitary gland then makes hormones in answer to the body’s needs. These are then circulated in the blood to a variety of the body’s tissues, including other endocrines, such as the adrenal gland.

The Adrenal Glands:

The adrenal glands produce hormones that help control the heart rate, blood pressure, the way the body uses food, and other vital functions. ACTH hormone from the pituitary gland stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids.

Thyroid & Parathyroid Glands:The Thyroid gland controls the rate at which the body produces energy from nutrients. The alkaloid extract of maca can activate calcitonine hormones, which regulate the metabolism of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) in the blood. The hormone is secreted by the thyroid and the parathyroid. It acts in the intestines, bones, and kidneys to increase the (Ca2+) in the plasma. It also aids in wound healing through blood clotting. (Chacon)

Thymus: Maca contains vitamin C and trace elements of zinc, which aid the immune system function of the thymus gland. Part of maca’s adaptogenic value may be its ability to enhance the thymus’ cell mediated immunity.

Super Protein Complex

L-Cysteine is a sulfur containing amino acid. It is used to manufacture L-glutathione and L-taurine. L-Cysteine is beneficial in numerous ways. It is important in detoxification and in the formation of skin, as well as the repair of hair and nail tissue. It is used in producing antioxidants and protects the brain and liver from damage due to the consumption of alcohol, drugs and cigarette smoke. L-Cysteine helps defend against harmful toxins and protects the body from damage caused by radiation.

Other benefits include reducing the effects of aging on the body. It also promotes healing of severe burns, fat burning and helps build muscle. L-Cysteine also promotes the activity of white blood cells. There are numerous other benefits including the effectiveness in treating bronchitis, angina and acute respiratory distress. L-cysteine helps to maintain optimal health and enhances immune system function.

L-Isoleucine is an amino acid, one of three known as branched chain amino acids (BCAAs). The others are L-Leucine and L-Valine. L-Isoleucine is an isomer of Leucine. It is important in the regulation of blood sugar, and also helps increase energy level.

Some of the benefits of L-IsoLeucine include the regulation of blood sugar levels in the body, and producing hemoglobin. This amino acid is responsible for muscle recovery after exercise, and is important in metabolism for producing energy.

L-IsoLeucine is also beneficial for preventing muscles wasting in individuals with debilitations. It is also essential for the production and maintenance of body proteins, and is involved in blood clot formation. IsoLeucine is necessary for nitrogen balance in adults, and for the healthy, normal growth of infants.

IsoLeucine is probably best known for its use in increasing endurance and helping heal and repair muscle tissue.

L-Leucine, commonly known as Leucine, is known as one of three branch-chain amino acids. Because it is an essential amino acid, humans cannot synthesize it. This means that it must be obtained through diet or supplements.

L-Leucine provides many benefits to the body. It is effective for maintaining blood sugar levels and also increases growth hormone production. L-Leucine combines with isoleucine and valine to protect and provide fuel to the muscles, and also helps to increase your endurance level and boost energy.

Other benefits of L-Leucine are the preservation of lean muscle mass. This amino acid helps preserve muscle tissue, so that it doesn’t break down as quickly during the aging process. L-Leucine can also speed the recovery process for muscle damage and skin injuries.

L-Lysine benefits are substantial. What is L-Lysine, which sometimes thought to be misspelled to lysine? Simply put, L-Lysine is an essential amino acid. It is in fact, one of many amino acids that the body needs for constant tissue repair and for growth as well (especially for athletes and bodybuilders). L-Lysine in the body must be acquired from food and/or supplementation.

Amino acids are substances that the body uses to build protein molecules. The human body makes proteins from 20 different amino acids. Eight of these are called “essential” amino acids, because the body cannot manufacture them. This means that they must be obtained from the diet and /or from supplements. The remaining twelve amino acids are produced by the body. Maintaining a balance among all of the amino acids is important to health. Increasing intake of one or more amino acids can help treat specific symptoms and conditions in the body. L-lysine is highly concentrated in the muscle tissues in the body.

L-lysine benefits include proper growth and development of muscle and tissue, and it is also essential in the absorption of calcium within the body.  Another of the L-lysine benefits is that it is extremely effective in treating the sores on the skin caused by the herpes simplex virus. This virus often presents itself as cold sores, canker sores, and in the form of shingles. L-lysine is often prescribed to patients with shingles, in addition to antiviral medications.

This amino acid is also known to be important for bone health, and is considered a supplement for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease that leads to the deterioration and degeneration of bones in the body. By increasing bone strength and decreasing calcium loss, L-lysine can help prevent and reverse the effects of this disabling disease.

L-lysine Deficiency… An l-lysine deficiency can cause damage to the immune system. It is one of the amino acids that are depleted from the boy when system is especially stressed. People who have Parkinson’s disease, some kidney diseases, thyroid disorders, depression and asthma have all been found to have low levels of l-lysine.

L-Methionine is one of eight essential amino acids, which means that it is an essential building block for proteins and it cannot be produced in the body. Ingestion through diet and supplements is required. L-Methionine is an antioxidant. L-Methionine is essential for the production of creatine, which is an important nutrient for proper functioning of muscles and the entire cardiovascular system. L-Methionine is essential for the production of creatine, which is an important nutrient for proper functioning of muscles and the entire cardiovascular system.

L-Methionine is beneficial for treating liver disease, and is recommended for people who adhere to a vegetarian diet. It also benefits skin tone and elasticity, nails and hair. L-Methionine is important for proper cardiovascular and muscular functions as well, through its role in the production of creatine.

Other conditions that can be successfully treated with L-Methionine are premature ejaculation and chronic depression. Some other benefits of this essential amino acid are endometriosis and removal of fat and excess estrogen from the liver.

Recent studies have found that L-Methionine may also benefit pancreatitis and Parkinson’s disease.

Methionine helps the body process and eliminate fat. This essential amino acid is required to produce cysteine and taurine, which help eliminate toxins and build strong, healthy tissues, including muscle tissues. It also promotes cardiovascular health, which is especially important for people who work out regularly.

Methionine is necessary for the production of creatine, a nutrient found in muscle tissue. Creatine provides the energy muscles require to move and has also been shown to increase the performance of athletes during intense workout bursts. It is crucial for all functioning of the muscles, which in turn supports normal heart and circulatory function.

L-Phenylalanine (abbreviation Phe or F) is an a-amino acid that is structurally related to epinephrine (adrenaline), dopamine and tyrosine. It is necessary for growth in children, as well as for protein metabolism in children and adults.

Benefits of L-Phenylalanine include the normal functioning of the central nervous system. It is beneficial for chronic depression as well as chronic pain, and may help many people feel happier and more alert.

It is also beneficial when used to suppress hunger and is found in many weight loss supplements. L-Phenylalanine is also important in the production of melatonin, which may help people who suffer from vitiligo. L-Phenylalanine is an amino acid that is proven to increase energy expenditure by boosting adrenaline and noradrenalin. It is especially effective when combined with green tea and other natural ingredients in weight loss supplements.

L-ThreonineBoosts The Immune System One of the eight essential amino acids, L-Threonine must be obtained through diet or supplementation because it can’t be naturally produced in our bodies. The seven other essential amino acids include isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, and valine. Found commonly in meats, eggs, dairy products, and some nuts, beans, and vegetables, L-Threonine is easy to fit into your daily life. People who are vegetarians, vegans, or have strict dietary restrictions, however, should consider L-Threonine supplements to provide their bodies with this important amino acid.

L-Tryptophan is an essential amino acid formed from proteins during digestion. Tryptophan can only be obtained through food and cannot be produced within the body. Many naturally occurring physiological substances are derived from l-tryptophan such as serotonin, which is involved in vasopressure regulation, and indolacetic acid, which is a plant hormone and also involved in elevated blood pressure, ergotamine, strychnine and other indole alkaloids. Tryptophan is also a precursor for serotonin (a neurotransmitter) and melatonin (a neurohormone). In the body, tryptophan is converted into 5-HTP, which then can be converted into serotonin (a potent neurotransmitter in the brain). Serotonin is involved in mood, appetite, sleep and impulse control.  Tryptophan may enhance relaxation and sleep, relieves minor premenstrual symptoms, soothes nerves and anxiety, and reduces carbohydrate cravings. Tryptophan is important for the production of serotonin. Serotonin is one of the key brain chemicals regulating mood.

Tryptophan is useful in treating menopausal depressive conditions and alleviating the symptoms of restless leg syndrome and may help relieve fibromyalgia symptoms. Tryptophan helps control hyperactivity in children, relieves stress, and enhances the release of growth hormones necessary for the production of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine).

L-Valine is an essential amino acid that is necessary for smooth nervous system and cognitive functioning. It is one of the three Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs), the other two being L-leucine and L-isoleucine.

L-Valine cannot be produced by the body and must be ingested through foods or supplements. Amino acids are essential for everyday body functions, as well as for maintaining muscle and regulation of the immune system. L-Valine is not processed by the liver, it is taken up by muscles.

Some foods that contain L-Valine include leafy vegetables, kidney beans, poultry and milk.

Some of the benefits of L-Valine include improvement in insomnia and nervousness. It is also shown to improve disorders of the muscles, and is effective as an appetite suppressant.

L-Valine also greatly benefits the regulation of the immune system. Perhaps the biggest benefits are experienced by athletes who perform long distance sports and bodybuilding. L-Valine is essential for muscle tissue repair and muscle metabolism, and also increases exercise endurance. 

L-Alanine is a nonessential amino acid, which means that a healthy body is able to manufacture its own supply of this substance. However, all amino acids may become essential (requiring dietary supplementation) if the body is for some reason unable to produce them. People with low-protein diets or eating disorders, liver disease, diabetes, or genetic conditions that cause Urea Cycle Disorders (UCDs), may need to take alanine supplements to avoid a deficiency. Low levels of alanine have been found in patients with hypoglycemia, diabetes, and hepatitis—it is not known at this time if alanine deficiency is the cause or result of these diseases. The body must have alanine to process the B vitamins so necessary for good health, especially vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine).

Because fluid in the prostate gland contains alanine, it has been theorized that this amino acid may help treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a condition in which the prostate becomes enlarged and causes urination discomfort. In one study, participants with BPH took 780 milligrams of alanine, glycine, and glutamic acid per day for two weeks, then 390 milligrams of these three amino acids for the next two and a half months, and saw a significant reduction in symptoms.

L-alanine, is an amino acid that helps the body convert the simple sugar glucose into energy and eliminate excess toxins from the liver. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein, and are key to building strong, healthy muscles—alanine has been shown to help protect cells from being damaged during intense aerobic activity, when the body cannibalizes muscle protein to help produce energy.

Alanine is crucial for preserving balanced levels of nitrogen and glucose in the body, which it does through a series of chemical actions called the alanine cycle. During the alanine cycle, any excess amino acids (proteins) in cells or tissues are transferred to a receptor molecule called pyruvate, which is produced by the breakdown of glucose. The pyruvate is then converted to alanine and transferred to the liver. The liver extracts nitrogen from alanine and converts some of it back into pyruvate, which can then be used to produce more glucose. Any excess nitrogen is then converted into urea and passed out of the body during urination. This cycle, glucose—pyruvate—alanine—pyruvate—glucose, helps supply the body with the energy it needs to support cellular life. It also ensures that a constant supply of pyruvate is available to allow the synthesis of glucose and amino acids in the body.

Alanine plays a key role in maintaining glucose levels and thus energy supplies in the body. Epstein-Barr virus and chronic fatigue syndrome have been linked to excessive alanine levels and low levels of tyrosine and phenylalanine. Alanine may help regulate blood sugar as well. Research has found that for people with insulin-dependent diabetes, taking an oral dose of L-alanine effectively prevents nighttime hypoglycemia.

L-arginine is a protein amino acid that is present in all life forms on the earth. It is anessential amino acid that is needed for normal body function and healing. It is especially essential for young children and possibly older people, as it stimulates the production of growth hormone.

Normally our bodies produce enough L-arginine for normal body function, but certain injuries or conditions can cause you to not produce enough L-arginine for your body to work or heal properly.

L-arginine was isolated in 1886 by researchers. In 1932 it was found to be necessary for the production of urea, which helps to remove the toxic ammonia from our bodies. In 1939 it was found to be necessary for the production of creatine, which is used by bodybuilders or athletes to increase strength and body mass.

L-arginine stimulates the production of growth hormones, so it is necessary for small children to grow into adults. It is also especially useful in the healing process from trauma, sepsis, and burns.

Some studies indicate that L-arginine shows some promise in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, by reducing blood pressure and lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol.

Another of the benefits of L-arginine is how it also is believed to help in impotence and fertility problems in men. The studies are still ongoing on L-arginine, but it shows great promise in these areas.

It can also boost immunity and therefore may be helpful in keeping you healthy and well. It also accelerates wound healing which is greatly needed in the case of major burns or injuries.

Aspartic Acid is a precursor to several amino acids, including four essential ones: methionine, threonine, isoleucine, and lysine. Aspartic Acid serves as a neurotransmitter in the brain and as a metabolite in the urea cycle. It may help fight fatigue and improve endurance. One of Aspartic Acid’s beneficial properties is its ability to reduce ammonia levels in the body.

Benefits:For central nervous system

For reproductive system

For brain health

For reduction of ammonia levels

For energy and stamina

L-Glutamic acid is an organic compound called an amino acid. Amino acids can combine to form protein. When you consume protein, the digestive process turns protein into amino acids. Glutamic acid is referred to as a nonessential amino acid, which means it is an amino acid that the body can produce on its own. The body makes nonessential amino acids from breaking down proteins or from essential amino acids. Glutamic acid is also known in its salt form as glutamate.

Brain Function

Glutamic acid is a nutrient that can enter the brain. In the brain, glutamic acid picks up excess ammonia. Excess ammonia is produced by the brain through normal brain functioning. According to, glutamic acid also acts as a messenger in the brain and may work to improve mental alertness and thought processes. Glutamic acid has been used to treat Parkinson’s disease, mental retardation and schizophrenia.

L-Glycine has the ability to stimulate the pituitary gland, which then produces Human Growth Hormone (HGH).  Henri  Braconnot was the first to isolate glycine.

Since amino acids act in concert, it is essential to take them in balance, rather than concentrate on any single amino acid

Benefits of Glycine

  • Calming effect on the brain
  • Increases production of Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
  • Supports prostate health
  • Helps maintain central nervous system health
  • Inhibits neurotransmitters that cause depression, bi-polar disorder, hyperactivity, and seizures
  • Helps maintain digestive system health
  • Helps regulate synthesis of bile
  • Helps construct normal strands of both DNA and RNA
  • Contributes to firmness and flexibility of skin
  • Aids in treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, anemia, and hypoglycemia

L-histidine is one of the 10 essential amino acids for infants. Most lists of amino acids classify L-histidine as an essential amino acid; however, it has never been clear if L-histidine is an essential amino acid for adults. Even though L-histidine is synthesized by the body, sufficient quantities may not be made to meet the physiological requirements imposed by certain stress or disease situations.


L-histidine plays a key role in production of red and white blood cells. It has been reported that rheumatoid arthritis sufferers have abnormally low blood levels of L-histidine.

L-Proline is made up of the amino acids glutamine and

ornithine.  L-Proline benefits us in 2 critical ways.  First of

all, L-Proline is responsible for the creation of collagen. It

also helps to lower arterioscleroses.  Collagen is extremely critical to our body.  In fact, collagen

in terms of abundance is the third highest compound found

in our body.  Collagen is critical to our body because it helps

aid such things in our body as cells, blood, tissues, and bone.

Collagen is most abundant inside the connective tissues found

inside of our body.

A lack of L-Proline can be responsible for several problems

inside of our body.  For example, L-Proline can be responsible

for numerous strains or tears which occur in the soft tissue of

our body.  A lack of L-Proline can also be responsible for

slower than normal healing.

L-Proline is also helpful in combating arthrosclerosis.  Every

time our heart beats, our arteries will expand and contract.

However, fat can build up on the walls of the arteries.  When

this occurs it is known as arthrosclerosis.  When this happens,

it will prevent the artery from being able to effectively stretch

out and go back to its normal size and shape.

This ability is absolutely essential to maintain the appropriate

pressure levels throughout the body and to transport blood the

long distance around the circulatory system.  L-Proline enables

walls to release fat buildups into the blood, decreasing the size

of blockages in the heart and surrounding vessels.  This property

also affects blood pressure. L-Proline has been shown to

decrease blood pressure, as well.

L-Proline is not toxic.  Studies involving trials with high doses

of the Supplement revealed no major side effects.

L-Serine is an amino acid that contributes to several bodily processes, most notably in the functioning of RNA and DNA, formation of muscles, metabolism of fat/fatty acids, and the maintenance of a healthy immune system. Serine is also vital for the neurotransmission process that takes part between the brain and the various nerve endings in the body. Serine is also a component of cell membranes.

As a non-essential amino acid, serine is produced within the body. Sufficient amounts of niacin (vitamin B3), pyridoxamine (vitamin B6) and folic acid are needed in order for serine to be manufactured in the body.

Serine amino acid helps in the production of immunoglobulins and antibodies that contribute to a robust immune system. It also helps in the absorption of creatine, a substance derived from amino acids that helps build and maintain the muscles in the body. Serine is also needed in the production of tryptophan, an amino acid used in making serotonin, a mood-determining brain chemical.

The following are the L-serine benefits that may be derived from this amino acid:

  • Serine may help in the treatment of depression, confusion and anxiety.
  • Serine may help in the treatment of insomnia.
  • Serine may contribute to boosting memory.
  • Serine may help contribute to the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome.
  • Serine may help in the treatment of fibromyalgia.
  • Serine may help prop up the immune system.

L-tyrosine benefits include helping the brain to produce adequate amounts of the neurotransmitters L-dopa, dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine. All of these are necessary to regulate emotions.  If levels of these neurotransmitters are insufficient,feelings of sadness, anxiety, irritability and frustration can result. In addition, dopaminehelps suppress appetite and reduce body fat, so people with insufficient levels of this neurotransmitter may find they are gaining weight or struggling to lose it.

Another way l-tyrosine benefits the body is by converting thyroid hormone to adrenaline during times of stress. Someone who is chronically stressed can have depleted levels of l- tyrosine.

Benefits of L Tyrosine

In addition to the need for sufficient amounts of amino acids to produce them, neurotransmitters can also become depleted by too much caffeine, sugar, or alcohol.Prescription drugs can also interfere with neurotransmitter production. In some cases, people find that a supplement of l-tyrosine benefits the body by providing the means toreplenish neurotransmitters.

Other possible l-tyrosine benefits include helping to calm the body, increase energy and enhance libido. It is also converted into the skin pigment melanin that protects the skin from harmful UV light rays.

L-tyrosine is thought to specifically affect several health conditions, particularly Parkinson’s disease and certain mood disorders. Supplements may be useful for people with these conditions as well. Several studies have also indicated that l-tyrosine benefits people with Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.

Canada NFR #20982, US #20982

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